Lyrics from “Alvorada” by Cartola, Carlos Cachaça and Hermínio Bello de Carvalho (1968)

Good Audio Version

Dawn up on the hillside, what beauty
No one cries, there’s no sorrow, no one feels displeasure…
The sun, coloring, is so lovely, is so lovely
And nature smiling, painting, painting, … dawn

You too remind me of the dawn when it arrives
Illuminating my lifeless paths
And the rest for me is so little, or almost nothing
Just rambling on like this, on this lost highway

— Interpretation —

Daybreak in Rio de Janeiro, via National Geographic.

The inspiration for this song – another classic samba from Mangueira mainstays Cartola and Carlos Cachaça – came one early morning as the two were walking down Rio’s Pendura a Saia hill, which is part of the larger Morro de Mangueira. Moved by the beauty of the first light of day, and its contrast with the destitution on the hillside, they composed the first lines of the samba together.  They then brought the piece to their friend Hermínio Bello de Carvalho for completion; Carvalho wrote the final lines while Cartola composed the melody. (For more on the friendship and partnership between Cartola and Carlos Cachaça, see these posts.)

Carlos Cachaça and his wife, Menina, the sister of Cartola’s wife, Zica. Cartola and Carlos Cachaça met in 1922; they became fast friends and went on to found Rio’s most celebrated carnival samba school, Estação Primeira da Mangueira. Photo via Raiz do Samba.

The song recalls the final scene in Black Orpheus, the 1959 film adaptation of Vinicius de Moraes’s play, Orfeu da Conceição (1954). The play brought the Greek story of Orpheus and Eurydice to the hillside slums of Rio de Janeiro; it was also the first time Vinicius de Moraes and Tom Jobim composed together.

Lyrics in Portuguese

Cartola, Ismael Silva, and Mano Décio da Viola on the cover of the popular magazine Veja in 1975. At the time, Cartola had stopped performing, hurt and indignant over the poor treatment and low pay that he and his fellow sambistas received in Rio’s recording studios and music venues. Photo via Raiz do Samba.

Alvorada lá no morro, que beleza
Ninguém chora, não há tristeza
Ninguém sente dissabor

O sol colorindo é tão lindo, é tão lindo
E a natureza sorrindo, tingindo, tingindo
( a alvorada )
Você também me lembra a alvorada
Quando chega iluminando
Meus caminhos tão sem vida
E o que me resta é bem pouco
Ou quase nada, do que ir assim, vagando
Nesta estrada perdida.M

Main source for this post: A Canção no Tempo: 85 Anos de Músicas Brasileiras, vol. 2 : 1958 – 1985 by Jairo Severiano and Zuzu Homem de Mello

Sei lá, Mangueira

Lyrics from “Sei lá, Mangueira” Music by Paulinho da Viola, Lyrics by Hermínio  Bello de Carvalho

Seen like that, from above
It looks more like the sky on the ground
What do I know…
In Mangueira, poetry made a sea, spread out
And the beauty of the place…
To be understood it must be believed
That life isn’t only what we see
It’s a little more
That our eyes aren’t able to perceive
And our hands don’t dare to touch
And our feet refuse to step on
What do I know, I don’t know …
What do I know, I don’t know…
I don’t know if all the beauty I speak to you about
Really just comes out of my heart alone
In Mangueira, poetry, in a constant rise and fall
Walks barefoot, teaching us a new way of life
Of dreaming, thinking and suffering
What do I know, I don’t know… What do I know, I don’t know…
Mangueira is so great That there’s no way explain it

— Interpretation —

Hermínio Bello de Carvalho and Paulinho da Viola. The pair also composed "Timoneiro" together, another of Paulinho's most famous sambas.
Hermínio Bello de Carvalho and Paulinho da Viola. The pair also composed “Timoneiro” together, another of Paulinho’s most famous sambas.

Another song celebrating the samba school Mangueira, “Sei lá, Mangueira” was written by Hermínio Bello de Carvalho, whose friend Paulinho da Viola composed the music.

Hermínio Bello de Carvalho (b. 28/3/1935) is a poet, composer, musical producer and cultural activist. In his early 20s he wrote music education programs for the Ministry of Education’s Rádio MEC, and he published his first book in 1962. When Cartola and his wife opened their restaurant, Zicartola, in Rio de Janeiro in late 1963, Hermínio became a regular. He developed friendships and formed close working partnerships with legendary musicians, including some of Mangueira’s founding members like Cartola and Nelson Cavaquinho. Hermínio is known for having discovered and provided support and encouragement to some of Brazil’s greatest talents.  In the beginning of 1964, when Paulinho da Viola was working at a bank in Rio de Janeiro, Paulinho recognized Hermínio – a client – from the music sessions Paulinho’s father had taken him to at Jacob do Bandolim’s place. Paulinho, normally timid, went to talk to Hermínio, who invited him to his apartment. Paulinho played some of his first sambas for Hermínio.  Shortly thereafter, Hermínio invited Paulinho to Zicartola, where he began playing regular gigs; Paulinho soon quit his job at the bank.

When Paulinho composed the music for “Sei lá, Mangueira,” he at least claims he never imagined that Hermínio would submit the song to the 1968 Festival da Record. The song didn’t win the contest — though Elza Soares, who sang it, was voted best female singer in the contest — but its fame caused trouble for Paulinho, a member of Mangueira’s rival samba school, Portela.  In the documentary Meu Tempo É Hoje, he says that he accepted the task of composing the music because he thought it would be a nice gesture to contribute to a song celebrating his rivals.  Most portelenses didn’t agree, though, which was awkward. (Paulinho says his friends at Portela generally skirted the issue, but he felt tension.) In an attempt to smooth things over, and prove his loyalty and passion for Portela, Paulinho wrote what became his best-known and loved samba, dedicated to Portela: “Foi um rio que passou em minha vida.” Released in 1969, “Foi um rio que passou em minha vida” was the number one song in Brazil in 1970. In 2000, Brazil’s most influential television network – Rede Globo – named the song one of the thirty most influential Brazilian songs of the 20th century.